Pointer (PTR) records are used for configuration of Reverse DNS. View the full tutorial for configuration of Reverse DNS. PTR records must be configured within Reverse DNS domains.
How to Configure a PTR Record
Make sure you are in the reverse DNS zone you already created. (You can learn how to do this in the Reverse DNS tutorial)
Go to DNS menu and select Managed DNS.
Either search for or select the domain you just created.
Click the plus sign in the PTR records table to add a new record.
Enter the following values for the PTR record:
A. The name value of the PTR record will be the last octet of your mail server’s IP address. In this example, our IP address is: 127.0.0.10 so the last octect would be ’10’.
B. For the system field, you will enter the hostname of the A record you are using to point to your mail server and append it with a dot. In this example, we already created an A record called mail, so the hostname would be mail.yourdomain.com.
C. Enter a TTL for your record.
D. Save your record.
Side note: Most mail servers don’t care where the PTR points to. They just want to see that the ISP has delegated the reverse DNS to your provider and that you have a PTR record for your delegated zone with the name of your IP address.
When a mail server performs a reverse DNS lookup it will initiate a three-way handshake:
- The forward DNS must match the reverse DNS.
- The reverse DNS must resolve to the mail server’s IP address.
- The reverse DNS must match the fully qualified domain name (FQDN) of the email header.
- Name: This usually represents the last octet of the IP address.
- System (PTR to): This will be the value (the reverse DNS) for your host / computer within your domain.
- TTL: The TTL (Time to Live) is the amount of time your record will stay in cache on systems requesting your record (resolving nameservers, browsers, etc.). The TTL is set in seconds, so 60 is one minute, 1800 is 30 minutes, etc.
- Best Practice Tip
If you plan on changing your reverse DNS TTL to a low value a few hours before you make the change (especially for mail servers). This way you won’t have any downtime during the change. Once your reverse DNS changes you can always raise your TTL to a higher value again.
Assume the domain “147.94.208.in-addr.arpa.” you would create a PTR record with the following values:
- Name: 129
- Value: mx2.dnsmadeeasy.com. (Note the dot (.) following the host name)
The end result would be that the reverse DNS for the IP 126.96.36.199 will resolve to mx2.dnsmadeeasy.com.
PTR record for the 192.168.1.0/27 block (addresses 192.168.1.1 – 192.168.1.30) and the reverse DNS for 192.168.1.10. This PTR record is created in the “27/1.168.192.in-addr.arpa” zone.
PTR record details:
- Name: 10.27/1.168.192.in-addr.arpa. is the host which are we are making an entry for. The domain / zone name is always appended to your domain. So in the data entry screen we only enter 10. The format of your reverse zone is dependent on how your provider delegates it, for example our ISP could have used 27-1.168.192.in-addr.arpa. instead of 27/1.168.192.in-addr.arpa. You must ask your provider for the correct syntax of your zone as reverse DNS will not resolve unless this is set up in the same syntax as the delegation.
- Data / System : mail.example.com. (including the trailing dot). You must include the trailing dot to keep the reverse DNS domain name from being appended to the end of your record.
- TTL (time to live) – The 1800 indicates how often (in seconds) that this record will exist (will be cached) in other systems.
- The end result of this record is that 10.27/1.168.192.in-addr.arpa. points to mail.example.com.